Web 2.0 and Web 3.0 refer to successive iterations of the web, compared to the original Web 1.0 of the 1990s and early 2000s. See below, what is Web 3.0 and what are its differences from Web 2.0, the current version. With progress, changes in web usage are expected, but the big question is how far these changes can go.
Web 3.0 represents the next phase of the web/internet evolution and could potentially be very innovative in representing a paradigm shift as big as the current version ( Web 2.0). Version 3.0 is built on the core concepts of decentralization, openness and greater user agency.
This is a core principle of Web 3.0. In Web 2.0, computers use HTTP in the form of unique addresses to find information, which is stored in a fixed location, usually on a single server.
In Web 3.0, as information would be found based on its content, it could be stored in multiple locations simultaneously and therefore be decentralized.
This would break the massive databases currently maintained by internet giants like Facebook (now Meta) and Google, preventing them from enriching themselves by maintaining greater control over users and their data.
With Web 3.0, data is generated by different and increasingly powerful computing resources, including smartphones, desktops, appliances, vehicles and sensors. Examples will be sold by users through decentralized data networks. This action guarantees users maintain ownership control.
In addition to decentralization and being based on open source software, Web 3.0 will also be based on “direct trust”, that is, the network will allow participants to interact directly without going through a “trusted” intermediary, but that does monitoring and control. of data on interactions.
As a result, Web 3.0 applications will run on blockchains, decentralized peer-to-peer networks, or a combination of these — decentralized applications are called dApps.
Artificial intelligence and machine learning
Computers will be able to understand the information in a similar way to humans, through technologies based on semantic web concepts (Web language) and natural language processing.
Web 3.0 will also use machine learning, which is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) that works data together with algorithms to mimic how humans learn, gradually improving its accuracy.
The capabilities will allow computers to produce faster and more relevant results in a range of areas, such as drug development and new materials, moving beyond the mere targeted advertising that constitutes most of today’s use.
Web 3.0 Challenges
The release has the potential to provide much more utility and autonomy to users, going far beyond social media, streaming and online shopping that comprise the majority of Web 2.0 applications used by consumers.
Features like the semantic web, AI and machine learning that are at the heart of Web 3.0 have the potential to increase significantly application in new areas and improve user interaction. The release’s key features such as decentralization and less manipulable systems will also give users much greater control over their personal data.
However, decentralization also brings with it significant legal and regulatory risks. Cyber crimes hate speech and disinformation are already difficult to control and will become even more in a decentralized structure because of the lack of monitoring.
A decentralized network would also make regulation and enforcement more difficult. By way of example, what laws would apply to a specific website with content hosted in various countries around the world? Finding culprits and prosecuting them legally will be very difficult. You need to think about the issue carefully enough.
Differences from Web 2.0
Web 2.0 is what most people are used to, at least since 2004. Its exponential growth has been driven by important innovations such as mobile Internet access and social networks, as well as the near ubiquity of more robust mobile devices such as iPhones and Android devices.
Web 2.0 has also been drastic in changes for certain industries that have either been unable to adapt to the new web-centric business model or have been slow to catch up. For example, retail, entertainment, media and advertising were hit hardest at first.
We can say that Web 2.0 was the creator and diffuser of the portability and reach of the internet for the greatest number of people, but there are still groups controlling and manipulating the environment. The main difference to Web 3.0 is that it consolidates mobility, but with greater control over privacy by the user and less control by groups or authorities by reducing the use of intermediaries for interactions.
Currently, we are closer to the border that divides the two web formats — cryptocurrencies and NFTs, are already beginning to show the potential for evolution — but knowing what Web 3.0 is can be a good preparation to anticipate changes. Good luck.